Anderson, K.M. and Bang, E.J. (2012), “Assessing PTSD and resilience for females who during childhood were exposed to domestic violence,” Child & Family Social Work, 17, 55-65.

Anderson, K.M., Danis, F. & Havig, K. (2011), “Adult daughters of battered women: Recovery and posttraumatic growth following childhood adversity,” Families in Society: The Journal of Contemporary Social Services, 92(2).

Bancroft, L. (2005). When Dad hurts Mom: helping your children heal from the wounds of witnessing abuse, Berkeley Trade.

Bancroft, L.

Benight, C.C. and Bandura, A. (2004), “Social cognitive theory of posttraumatic recovery: the role of perceived self-efficacy,” Behavior research and therapy, 42, 1129-1148.

Borja, S.E., Callahan, J.L., & Long, P.J. (2006), “Positive and negative adjustment and social support fo sexual assault survivors,” Journal of Traumatic Stress, 19(6), 905-914.

Cadell, S., Regehr, C., & Hemsworth, D. (2003), “Factors contributing to posttraumatic growth: A proposed structural equation model,” 73(3), 279-287

Center for Relationship Abuse Awareness:

Child Witness to Domestic Violence Project:

Edleson, J.L., Nguyen, H.T., Kimball, E. (2011). Honor Our Voices: A guide for practice when responding to children exposed to domestic violence. Minneapolis, MN: Minnesota Center Against Violence and Abuse (MINCAVA).

Embry, D.D. and Biglan, A. (2008), “Evidence-based kernels: Fundamental units of behavioral influence,” Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review, 11, 75-113.

Fogg, B. J. (2009). A behavior model for persuasive design, Persuasive ’09 Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Persuasive Technology,

Folstrom-Cohen, B. and Rosenbaum, A. (1985), “The effects of parental marital violence on young adults: An exploratory investigation,” Journal of Marriage and Family, 47(2), 467-472.

Futures Without Violence:

Graham-Bermann, S.A. and Hughes, H.H. (2003), “Intervention for children exposed to interparental violence (IPV): Assessment of needs and research priorities,” Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review, 6(3).

Groves, B.M. (2002). Children who see too much: lessons from the child witness to violence project, Beacon Press: Boston, MA.

Hamby, S., Finkelhor, D., Turner, H., & Ormrod, R. (2011), “Children’s exposure to intimate partner violence and other family violence,” OJJDP National Survey of Children’s Exposure to Violence Series, Bulletin, October 2011. Retrieved from

Helgeson, V.S., Reynolds, K.A., & Tomisch, P.L. (2006), “A meta-analytic review of benefit finding and growth,” Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 74 (5), 797-816.

Holt, S., Buckley, H., & Whelan, S. (2008), “The impact of exposure to domestic violence on children and young people: A review of the literature,” Child Abuse & Neglect, 32(8), 797-810.

Humphreys, J.C. (2001). Turnings and adaptations in resilient daughters of battered women. Journal of Nursing Scholarship, Third Quarter

Jaffe, P., Wolfe, D.A. & Campbell, M. (2011), Growing up with domestic violence: Assessment, Intervention, and Prevention Strategies for Children and Adolescents, Cambridge, MA: Hogrefe Publishing.


Linley, P.A. and Joseph, S. (2004), “Positive change following trauma and adversity: A review,” Journal of Traumatic Stress, 17(1), 11-21.

Margolin G, Vickerman KA, “Posttraumatic stress in children and adolescents exposed to family violence: I. Overview and issues,” Professional Psychology-Research and Practice, 2007 Dec;38(6):613-9.

Masten, A.S. (2001), “Ordinary magic: Resilience processes in development,” American Psychologist, 56(3), 227-238

Mbilinyi, L. F., Edleson, J. L., Hagemeister, A. K., & Beeman, S. K. (2007), “What happens to children when their mothers are battered? Results from a four city anonymous telephone survey,” Journal of Family Violence, 22(5), 309-317.

McFarlane, J. M., Groff, J. Y., O’Brien, J. A., & Watson, K. (2003), “Behaviors of children who are exposed and not exposed to intimate partner violence: An analysis of 330 black, white, and Hispanic children,” Pediatrics, 112(3), 202-7.

McMahon, M. & Pence, E. (2008), On safety’s side: Protecting those vulnerable to violence, Duluth, MN: Praxis International.

MacDonald, R., Jouriles, E.N., & Skopp, N.A. (2006), “Reducing conduct problems among children brought to women’s shelters: Intervention effects 24 months following termination of services,” Journal of Family Psychology, 20, 127-136. 26.

Meltzer, H., Doos, L., Vostanis, P., Ford, T., & Goodman, R. (2009), “The mental health of children who witness domestic violence,” Child and Family Social Work, 14(4), 491-501. Moon, M. (2000).

“Retrospective reports of interparental abuse by adult children from intact families,” Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 15(12), 1323-1331

The National Child Traumatic Stress Network:

Overlien, C., & Hyden, M. (2009), “Children’s actions when experiencing domestic violence,” Childhood, 16(4), 479.

Paradis, A. D., Reinherz, H. Z., Giaconia, R. M., Beardslee, W. R., Ward, K., & Fitzmaurice, G. M. (2009), “Long-term impact of family arguments and physical violence on adult functioning at age 30 years: Findings from the Simmons longitudinal study,” Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 48(3), 290-298.

Parker, T., Rogers, K., Collins, M., & Edleson, J. L. (2008), “Danger zone: Battered mothers and their families in supervised visitation,” Violence Against Women, 14(11), 1313-25. Safe Start Center:

Stark, E. (2007). Coercive control: How men entrap women in personal life, New York: Oxford University Press.

Sternberg, K. J., Lamb, M. E., Guterman, E., & Abbott, C. B. (2006). Effects of early and later family violence on children’s behavior problems an

U.S. Census Bureau (2010). Annual Estimates of the Resident Population by Sex and Selected Age Groups for the United States: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2011, Retrieved May 22, 2012 from

Von Steen, P.G. (1997), “Adults with witnessing histories: The overlooked victims of domestic violence,” Psychotherapy, 34(4).

The Wakaheza Project:

Wolfe, D. A., Crooks, C. V., Lee, V., McIntyre-Smith, A., & Jaffe, P. G. (2003), “The effects of children’s exposure to domestic violence: A meta-analysis and critique,” Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review, 6(3), 171-187.