“What this research highlights is that growing up in a home with domestic abuse, in particular the psychological dimension of it, has long-term consequences for the well being of young people”
A study from the University of Limerick (UL), Ireland, found that the psychological component of DV has the most damaging impact on the children who live in these homes. Psychological violence is categorized as name-calling, intimidation, manipulation, and other similar abusive behaviors that do not involved physical aggression. The study thus suggests that children who see these abusive behaviors between their caregivers fare worse than their counterparts who experience physical domestic violence between their caregivers. Among the findings was also the observation that children who experience psychological abuse between their parents often feel less supported than children who lived with physical domestic violence, perhaps because society tends to downplay psychological violence as marginal, which only adds to the negative impact.